Robert Schumann and Dresden
On 12 December 1844, Robert Schumann, his wife Clara and their children Marie, Elise and Julie arrived in Waisenhausstrasse 7 in Dresden. This house was destroyed during the Second World War.
The father in law and music pedagogue Friedrich Wieck already settled in Dresden in 1840. Wieck was living in a little house in Loschwitz, in the nowadays Friedrich-Wieck-Strasse. His grave at the Trinitatis Cemetery has his Medaillon portrait.
Schumann found quickly friends in Dresden, including the widow of Carl Maria von Weber and the conductor Ferdinand Hiller. He also became friends with the doctor and painter Carl Gustav Carus and many other writers, artists and esthetes.
He reported his everyday life in his household books, through which one can find out about walks in the Tharandt Forrest or to the “Saloppe”, about eating and drinking at the “Waldschlösschen”, vistis to the opera and to concerts – many of them in the Hotel de Saxe or in the Belvedere of the Brühl terrace.
About one third of the complete works of Robert Schumann originates from his time in Dresden, including the "Liederalbum für die Jugend", whose autographs (four pieces including nro. 7 and 8 – "Zigeunerliedchen I" and "Zigeunerliedchen II") are today's most important musical treasures of the book museum of the Saxon State and University library in Dresden (Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden, http://www.slub-dresden.de/. There are also many letters http://hansopac.slub-dresden.deand the so-called Schumann album (Sign. Mus. Schu, cF. http://hansopac.slub-dresden.de/. preserved, which consists mainly of family documents, but also many autographs and drawíngs of other famous people (f.e. Brahms, Mendelssohn, Haydn, Thorvaldsen).
His most important work was premiered by his wife Clara on 4 December 1845 in the concert hall of the Hotel de Saxe: the piano concerto in A minor (Op. 54).
Prior to the eventful revolutionary days in the summer of 1849, Schumann moved to the tranquil surroundings of Maxen and Kreischa in south Dresden. Since Dresden offered no career prospects after the revolution, Schumann finally took the offer from Düsseldorf to succeed to Hiller as municipal music director.
On 1 September 1850, Robert and Clara Schumann left with their now four children the city at the Elbe. In the cityscape of Dresden, a monument at the Zwingerteich reminds of the composer, who left many wonderful hours of aural experience with his works to the world.
(I.B., translated by Katharina Ma)
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